ონლაინ ლექსიკონი



გამოთქმა: /kʌt/

არსებითი სახელი

  • 1an act of cutting, in particular:
  • [in singular] a haircut:his hair was in need of a cut
  • a stroke or blow given by a sharp-edged implement or by a whip or cane:he could skin an animal with a single cut of the knife
  • a wounding remark or act: his unkindest cut at Elizabeth was to call her heartless
  • [often with modifier] a reduction in amount or size:she took a 20% pay cut a cut in interest rates
  • British a power cut: fortunately the cut happened at night and power was quickly restored
  • an act of cutting part of a book, play, etc.:they would not publish the book unless the author was willing to make cuts
  • an immediate transition from one scene to another in a film: instead of hard cuts, we used dissolves to give it a very dreamy character
  • Golf the halfway point of a golf tournament, where half of the players are eliminated.
  • Tennis & Cricket a stroke made with an abrupt, typically horizontal or downward action: Kellett was denied a century by edging a cut to wicketkeeper Burns
  • 2a result of cutting something, in particular:
  • a long, narrow incision in the skin made by something sharp:blood ran from a cut on his jaw
  • a long, narrow opening or incision made in a surface or piece of material:make a single cut along the top of each potato
  • a piece of meat cut from a carcass:a good lean cut of beef
  • [in singular] informal a share of the profits from something:the directors are demanding their cut
  • a recording of a piece of music:a cut from his forthcoming album
  • a version of a film after editing: the final cut
  • a passage cut or dug out, as a railway cutting or a new channel made for a river or other waterway: the cut connected with the Harborough arm of the canal
  • 3 [in singular] the way or style in which something, especially a garment or someone’s hair, is cut:the elegant cut of his dinner jacket


  • 1make an opening, incision, or wound in (something) with a sharp-edged tool or object:he cut his big toe on a sharp stone when fruit is cut open, it goes brown
  • make a deliberate incision in (one’s flesh), as a symptom of psychological or emotional distress: I started cutting myself when I was about 14 and continued for four years [no object]:I just started high school and I have a lot of self-confidence issues and as a result I started cutting
  • 2remove (something) from something larger by using a sharp implement:I cut his photograph out of the paper some prisoners had their right hands cut off
  • castrate (an animal, especially a horse).
  • (cut something out) make something by cutting:I cut out some squares of paper
  • (cut something out) remove, exclude, or stop eating or doing something undesirable:start today by cutting out fatty foods
  • (cut something out) North American separate an animal from the main herd: after the target animal is spotted, the pilot swoops down, cutting it out of the herd
  • 3divide into pieces with a knife or other sharp implement:cut the beef into thin slices he cut his food up into teeny pieces
  • make divisions in (something):land that has been cut up by streams into forested areas
  • separate (something) into two; sever:they cut the rope before he choked
  • (cut something down) cause something to fall by cutting it through at the base: some 24 hectares of trees were cut down
  • (cut someone down) (of a weapon, bullet, or disease) kill or injure someone:Barker had been cut down by a sniper’s bullet
  • 4make or form (something) by using a sharp tool to remove material:workmen cut a hole in the pipe
  • make or design (a garment) in a particular way: (as adjective, with submodifier cut)an impeccably cut suit
  • make (a path, tunnel, or other route) by excavation, digging, or chopping:plans to cut a road through a rainforest [no object]:investigators called for a machete to cut through the bush
  • make (a sound recording): quadraphonic LPs had to be cut at a lower volume level than conventional records
  • 5trim or reduce the length of (grass, hair, etc.) by using a sharp implement:Ted was cutting the lawn cut back all the year’s growth to about four leaves
  • 6reduce the amount or quantity of:buyers will bargain hard to cut the cost of the house they want I should cut down my sugar intake [no object]:they’ve cut back on costs we’re looking to cut down on the use of chemicals
  • abridge (a text, film, or performance) by removing material:he had to cut unnecessary additions made to the opening scene
  • Computing delete (part of a text or other display) so as to insert a copy of it elsewhere. See also cut and paste below.
  • end or interrupt the provision of (a supply):we resolved to cut oil supplies to territories controlled by the rebels if the pump develops a fault, the electrical supply is immediately cut off
  • switch off (an engine or a light): Niall brought the car to a halt and cut the engine
  • North American absent oneself from (something one should normally attend, especially school):Rodney was cutting class
  • 7 informal ignore or refuse to recognize (someone):they cut her in public
  • 8(of a line) cross or intersect (another line): mark the point where the line cuts the vertical axis
  • [no object] (cut across) pass or traverse, especially so as to shorten one’s route:the following aircraft cut across to join him
  • [no object] (cut across) have an effect regardless of (divisions or boundaries between groups):subcultures which cut across national and political boundaries
  • [no object] (cut along) informal, dated leave or move hurriedly: you can cut along now
  • 9 [no object, often in imperative] stop filming or recording: ‘Cut’ shouted a voice, followed by ‘Could we do it again, please?’
  • [with adverbial] move to another shot in a film:cut to a dentist’s surgery
  • [with object] make (a film) into a coherent whole by removing parts or placing them in a different order: I like to watch the rushes at home before I start cutting the film
  • 10 [no object] divide a pack of playing cards by lifting a portion from the top, either to reveal a card at random or to place the top portion under the bottom portion: let’s cut for dealer
  • 11strike or kick (a ball) with an abrupt, typically downward motion:Cook cut the ball back to him
  • Golf slice (the ball).
  • Cricket hit (the ball) to the off side with the bat held almost horizontally; play such a stroke against (the bowler).
  • [no object] Cricket (of the ball) turn sharply on pitching.
  • 12mix (an illegal drug) with another substance:speed cut with rat poison
  • 13 (cut it) North American informal come up to expectations; meet requirements:this CD player doesn’t quite cut it
    [shortened form of the idiom cut the mustard]

be cut out for (or to be)

[usually with negative] informal have exactly the right qualities for a particular role or job:I’m just not cut out to be a policeman

a cut above

informal noticeably superior to:she’s a cut above the rest

cut and dried

[often with negative] (of a situation) completely settled:the championship is not as cut and dried as everyone thinks
[ early 18th century: originally used to distinguish the herbs of herbalists' shops from growing herbs]

cut and paste

Computing move (text) by cutting it from one part of the text and inserting it in another.

cut and run

informal make a speedy departure from a difficult situation rather than deal with it: he laughed off suggestions he is ready to cut and run from struggling United
[originally a nautical phrase, meaning 'cut the anchor cable because of some emergency and make sail immediately']

cut and thrust

a lively and competitive atmosphere or environment:the cut and thrust of political debate
a situation or sphere of activity regarded as carried out under adversarial conditions:the ruthless cut and thrust of the business world
[originally a phrase in fencing]

cut both ways

(of a point or statement) serve both sides of an argument: such a tax is often claimed to encourage saving but the argument can cut both ways
(of an action or process) have both good and bad effects:the triumphs of civilization cut both ways

cut the corner

take the shortest course by going across and not around a corner.

cut corners

do something perfunctorily so as to save time or money: there is always a temptation to cut corners when time is short

cut the crap

[often in imperative] vulgar slang get to the point; state the real situation.

cut a dash

British be stylish or impressive in one’s dress or behaviour: the foreign secretary wanted to cut a dash in Brussels

cut someone dead

completely ignore someone: where he used to cut them dead, he now helps them on with their coats

cut a deal

North American informal come to an arrangement, especially in business; make a deal: he had gone to the board of directors with his new robot design and cut a deal

cut someone down to size

informal deflate someone’s exaggerated sense of self-worth.

cut something down to size

reduce the size or power of something, for example an organization, which is regarded as having become too large or powerful: the government clearly plans to cut councils down to size

cut a —— figure

present oneself or appear in a particular way:David has cut a dashing figure on the international social scene

cut from the same cloth

of the same nature; similar: don’t assume all women are cut from the same cloth

cut in line

North American jump the queue.

cut it fine

see fine1.

cut it out

[usually in imperative] informal used to ask someone to stop doing or saying something that is annoying or offensive: I’m sick of that joke; cut it out, can’t you?

cut loose

distance or free oneself from a person, group, or system:he was a young teenager, already cutting loose from his family
begin to act without restraint:when Mannion cut loose the home side collapsed to 127 all out

cut someone/thing loose (or free)

free someone or something from something which holds or restricts them:he’d cut loose the horses

cut one's losses

abandon an enterprise or course of action that is clearly going to be unprofitable or unsuccessful before one suffers more loss or harm: an inner voice was urging her to cut her losses and go back to England

cut the mustard

informal come up to expectations; reach the required standard:I didn’t cut the mustard as a hockey player

cut no ice

informal have no influence or effect:your holier-than-thou attitude cuts no ice with me

cut someone off (or down) in their prime

bring someone’s life or career to an abrupt end while they are at the peak of their abilities: she was too young to die: she had been cut off in her prime

cut someone/thing short

interrupt someone or something; bring an abrupt or premature end to something said or done:Peter cut him short rudely

cut someone to pieces

kill or severely injure someone: I was nearly cut to pieces by shrapnel
totally defeat someone: we were cut to pieces by Rovers

cut a (or the) rug

North American informal dance, especially in an energetic or accomplished way: a place where a fella and a gal can cut a rug

cut one's teeth

acquire initial practice or experience of a particular sphere of activity:the brothers cut their professional teeth at Lusardi’s before starting their own restaurant

cut a tooth

(of a baby) have a tooth appear through the gum: a feast to celebrate a son cutting his first tooth

cut to the chase

North American informal come to the point:cut to the chase—what is it you want us to do?
[cut in the sense 'move to another part of the film', expressing the notion of ignoring any preliminaries]

cut up rough

British informal behave in an aggressive, quarrelsome, or awkward way: he can cut up rough and turn a bit nasty if he’s got a mind to

cut up well

archaic bequeath a large fortune: the old banker died and cut up prodigiously well

cut your coat according to your cloth

proverb undertake only what you have the money or ability to do and no more.

have one's work cut out

see work.

make the cut

[usually with negative] Golf equal or better a required score, thus avoiding elimination from the last two rounds of a four-round tournament: she shot rounds of 86 and 86 and failed to make the cut

miss the cut

Golf fail to equal or better a required score, thus being eliminated from the last two rounds of a four-round tournament: bad driving made him miss the cut by nine strokes

cut in

  • 1interrupt someone while they are speaking:‘It’s urgent,’ Raoul cut in
  • 2pull in too closely in front of another vehicle after having overtaken it:she cut in on a station wagon, forcing the driver to brake
  • 3(of a motor or other mechanical device) begin operating, especially when triggered automatically by an electrical signal: emergency generators cut in
  • 4 dated interrupt a dancing couple to take over from one partner: Saturday night she goes to an informal dance where men are rare and any girl may cut in

cut someone in

informal include someone in a deal and give them a share of the profits: he didn’t mind my having a racket, he was just narked that I hadn’t cut him in

cut into

interrupt the course of:Victoria’s words cut into her thoughts

cut someone off

  • 1interrupt someone while they are speaking: he cut her off and went on to another subject
  • interrupt someone during a telephone call by breaking the connection: I listened to pre-recorded messages for twenty-three minutes before being cut off
  • 2prevent someone from receiving or being provided with something, especially power or water: consumers may be cut off for non-payment
  • 3reject someone as one’s heir; disinherit someone:Gabrielle’s family cut her off without a penny
  • 4prevent someone from having access to somewhere or someone; isolate someone from something they previously had connections with:the couple were cut off by a fast-moving tide

cut something off

block the usual means of access to a place:the caves were cut off from the outside world by a landslide

cut out

  • 1(of a motor or engine) suddenly stop operating: both the lifeboat’s engines cut out at times as they hit the seabed
  • 2North American informal (of a person) leave quickly, especially so as to avoid a boring or awkward situation: she was working her way toward the door and when no one was watching, she cut out

cut someone out

exclude someone:his mother cut him out of her will

cut up

  • 1North American informal behave in a mischievous or unruly manner:kids cutting up in a classroom
  • 2 informal (of a horse race) have a particular selection of runners:the race has cut up badly with no other opposition from England

cut someone up

  • 1 informal (of a driver) overtake someone and pull in too closely in front of them: he was threatened with a baseball bat after cutting up another driver
  • 2North American informal criticize someone severely:my kids cut him up about his appetite all the time