თანხის ნაწილი, რომელსაც წინასწარ იხდიან გარიგების პირობათა შესრულების უზრუნველსაყოფად.
1 (usually there is/are) exist:there are no easy answersthere once was a manthere must be something wrongI think, therefore I am
be present:there were no curtains around the showersare there any castles in this area?
2 [with adverbial] occur; take place:the exhibition will be in Novemberthe opening event is on October 16that was before the war
occupy a position in space:Salvation Street was on his leftshe was not at the window
stay in the same place or condition:he’s a tough customer—let him be
attend:I’m at school doing A levels
come; go; visit:he’s from MissouriI have just been to Thailandthe doctor’s been twice today
3 [as copular verb] having the state, quality, identity, nature, role, etc., specified:Amy was 91the floor was unevenI want to be a teacherfather was not wellit will be Christmas soon‘Be careful,’ Mr Carter said
cost:the tickets were £25
amount to:one and one is two
represent:let A be a square matrix of order n
signify:we were everything to each other
consist of; constitute:the monastery was several three-storey buildings
4 informal say:last time I saw her she was all ‘You need to quit smoking!’
1used with a present participle to form continuous tenses:they are cominghe had been readingshe will be waiting
2used with a past participle to form the passive voice:it was doneit is saidhis book will be published
3 [with infinitive] used to indicate something that is due or destined to happen:construction is to begin next summerhis mum was never to see him win
used to express obligation or necessity:you are to follow these ordersthey said I was to remain on board
used to express possibility:these snakes are to be found in North Americashe was nowhere to be seen
used to hypothesize about something that might happen:if I were to loseif I was to tell you, you’d think I was mad
4 archaic used with the past participle of intransitive verbs to form perfect tenses:I am returned
as someone or something was previously called:former Sex Pistol John Lydon (Rotten, as was)
the be-all and end-all
informal a feature of an activity or a way of life that is of greater importance than any other:is food and comfort the be-all and end-all?
informal be doing or trying to do:what are you at there?
dialect leave or set out at once:I’m away to my work
[often in imperative] go away; leave:be off with you!
act naturally, according to one’s character and instincts:I want him to have the confidence to be himself
been (or been and gone) and——
British informal used to express surprise or annoyance at someone’s actions:they’ve been and carted Mum off to hospital