1an instance or period of resting:you look as though you need a rest [mass noun]:a couple of days of complete rest [mass noun] a motionless state:the car accelerates rapidly from rest 2 Music an interval of silence of a specified duration. the sign denoting a musical rest. a pause in speech or verse.
3 [in combination] an object that is used to support something:a shoulder rest a support or hook for a telephone receiver when not in use: carefully the receiver was replaced on the rest a support for a cue in billiards or snooker. 1cease work or movement in order to relax, sleep, or recover strength:he needed to rest after the feverish activity I’m going to rest up before travelling to England [with object] allow to be inactive in order to regain strength or health:her friend read to her while she rested her eyes
) British used euphemistically by actors to indicate that they are out of work: she was an actress but doing domestic work while she was resting
[with object] leave (a player) out of a team temporarily:both men were rested for the cup final (of a problem or subject) be left without further investigation or discussion:the council has urged the planning committee not to allow the matter to rest [with object] allow (land) to lie fallow: the field should be grazed or rested 2 [no object, with adverbial of place] be placed or supported so as to stay in a specified position:her elbow was resting on the arm of the sofa (of a body) lie buried:the king’s body rested in his tomb [with object and adverbial of place] place (something) so that it is supported in a specified position:he rested a hand on her shoulder
) (of a look) alight or be steadily directed on:his eyes rested briefly on the boy
) be based on; depend on:the country’s security rested on its alliances
(rest something in/on
) place hope, trust, or confidence on or in:she rested her hopes in her attorney
be the responsibility of or belong to a specified person:the final say rests with the regional assemblies
, North American conclude presentation of either party’s case in a suit or prosecution:the prosecution restsSee also rest one's case below.