ონლაინ ლექსიკონი



გამოთქმა: /rʌn/

არსებითი სახელი

  • 1an act or spell of running:I usually go for a run in the morning a cross-country run
  • a running pace:Rory set off at a run
  • an annual mass migration of fish up or down a river:the annual salmon runs
  • 2a journey accomplished or route taken by a vehicle, aircraft, or boat, especially on a regular basis:the London-Liverpool run
  • a short excursion made in a car:we could take a run out to the country
  • the distance covered in a specified period, especially by a ship:a record run of 398 miles from noon to noon
  • a short flight made by an aircraft on a straight and even course at a constant speed before or while dropping bombs: bombing runs by B52s
  • 3an opportunity or attempt to achieve something:their absence means the Russians will have a clear run at the title
  • a preliminary test of a procedure or system:if you are styling your hair yourself, have a practice run
  • an attempt to secure election to political office:his run for the Republican nomination
  • 4a continuous spell of a particular situation or condition:he’s had a run of bad luck
  • a continuous series of performances:the play had a long run in the West End
  • a quantity or amount of something produced at one time:a production run of only 150 cars
  • a continuous stretch or length of something:long runs of copper piping
  • a rapid series of musical notes forming a scale.
  • a sequence of cards of the same suit.
  • 5 (a run on) a widespread and sudden demand for (a commodity) or a widespread trading in (a currency):there’s been a big run on nostalgia toys this year
  • a sudden demand for repayment from (a bank) made by a large number of lenders:growing nervousness among investors led to a run on some banks
  • 6 (the run) the average or usual type of person or thing:she stood out from the general run of Tory women
  • the general tendency of something:quite against the run of play, Smith scored an early try
  • 7a sloping snow-covered course or track used for skiing, bobsleighing, or tobogganing:a ski run
  • a track made or regularly used by a particular animal:a badger run
  • 8an enclosed area in which domestic animals or birds may run freely in the open:a chicken run
  • (the run of) free and unrestricted use of or access to:her cats were given the run of the house
  • Australian/NZ a large open stretch of land used for pasture or the raising of stock: one of the richest cattle runs of the district
  • 9 Cricket a unit of scoring achieved by hitting the ball so that both batsmen are able to run between the wickets, or awarded in some other circumstances.
  • Baseball a point scored by the batter returning to home plate after touching the other bases.
  • 10chiefly North American a ladder in stockings or tights: she had a run in her nylons
  • 11a downward trickle of paint or a similar substance when applied too thickly: varnish should be applied with care to avoid runs and an uneven surface
  • a small stream: a shallow run at the edge of a low rock
  • 12 (the runs) informal diarrhoea.
  • 13 Nautical the after part of a ship’s bottom where it rises and narrows towards the stern.


  • 1 [no object] move at a speed faster than a walk, never having both or all the feet on the ground at the same time:the dog ran across the road she ran the last few yards, breathing heavily he hasn’t paid for his drinks—run and catch him
  • run as a sport or for exercise:I run every morning
  • (of an athlete or a racehorse) compete in a race:she ran in the 200 metres [with object]:Dave has run 42 marathons
  • [with object] enter (a racehorse) for a race: I’m hoping to run him in the Portland Handicap
  • Cricket (of a batsman) run from one wicket to the other in scoring or attempting to score a run.
  • [with object] West Indian chase (someone) away:Ah went tuh eat the mangoes but the people run mih
  • (of a boat) sail straight and fast directly before the wind: we slanted across to the far bank and ran before the wind
  • (of a migratory fish) go upriver from the sea in order to spawn.
  • 2pass or cause to pass quickly in a particular direction: [no object, with adverbial of direction]:the rumour ran through the pack of photographers [with object and adverbial of direction]:Helen ran her fingers through her hair
  • [no object] move about in a hurried and hectic way:I’ve spent the whole day running round after the kids
  • move or cause to move forcefully or with a particular result: [no object, with adverbial of direction]:the tanker ran aground off the Shetlands [with object and adverbial of direction]:a woman ran a pushchair into the back of my legs
  • [with object] informal fail to stop at (a red traffic light): cameras triggered by cars running red lights at intersections
  • [with object] chiefly North American navigate (rapids or a waterfall) in a boat: the boats were preparing to run the big rapids
  • 3(with reference to a liquid) flow or cause to flow: [no object, with adverbial of direction]:a small river runs into the sea at one side of the castle [with object]:she ran cold water into a basin
  • [with object] cause water to flow over:I ran my hands under the tap
  • [with object] fill (a bath) with water: [with two objects]:I’ll run you a nice hot bath
  • [no object] (run with) be covered or streaming with (a liquid):his face was running with sweat
  • [no object] emit or exude a liquid:she was weeping and her nose was running
  • [no object] (of a solid substance) melt and become fluid:it was so hot that the butter ran
  • [no object] (of the sea, the tide, or a river) rise higher or flow more quickly:there was still a heavy sea running
  • [no object] (of dye or colour in fabric or paper) dissolve and spread when the fabric or paper becomes wet:the red dye ran when the socks were washed
  • 4extend or cause to extend in a particular direction: [no object, with adverbial of direction]:cobbled streets run down to a tiny harbour [with object and adverbial of direction]:he ran a wire under the carpet
  • [no object] chiefly North American (of a stocking or pair of tights) develop a ladder.
  • 5 [no object] (of a bus, train, ferry, or other form of transport) make a regular journey on a particular route:buses run into town every half hour
  • [with object] put (a form of public transport) in service:the group is drawing up plans to run trains on key routes
  • [with object and adverbial of direction] take (someone) somewhere in a car:I’ll run you home
  • 6 [with object] be in charge of; manage:Andrea runs her own catering business (as adjective, in combination -run)an attractive family-run hotel
  • [no object, with adverbial] (of a system, organization, or plan) operate or proceed in a particular way:everything’s running according to plan
  • organize, implement, or carry out:we decided to run a series of seminars
  • own, maintain, and use (a vehicle): he could no longer afford to run a car
  • 7be in or cause to be in operation; function or cause to function: [no object]:the car runs on unleaded fuel [with object]:the modem must be run off a mains transformer
  • move or cause to move between the spools of a recording machine: [with object]:I ran the tape back
  • 8 [no object] continue or be valid or operative for a particular period of time:the course ran for two days this particular debate will run and run
  • [with adverbial or complement] happen or arrive at the specified time:the programme was running fifteen minutes late
  • (of a play or exhibition) be staged or presented:the play ran at Stratford last year
  • 9 [no object] pass into or reach a specified state or level:inflation is running at 11 per cent [with complement]:the decision ran counter to previous government commitments
  • 10 [no object] (run in) (of a quality, trait, or condition) be common or inherent in members of (a family), especially over several generations:weight problems run in my family
  • 11 [no object] stand as a candidate in an election:he announced that he intended to run for President
  • [with object] (especially of a political party) sponsor (a candidate) in an election:they ran their first independent candidate at the Bromley by-election
  • 12publish or be published in a newspaper or magazine: [with object]:the tabloid press ran the story [no object]:when the story ran, there was a big to-do
  • [no object] (of a saying, argument, piece of writing, etc.) have a specified wording:‘Tapestries slashed!’ ran the dramatic headline
  • 13 [with object] bring (goods) into a country illegally and secretly; smuggle:they run drugs for the cocaine cartels
  • 14 [with two objects] North American cost (someone) (a specified amount):a new photocopier will run us about $1,300
  • 15West Indian provide:the wait-and-see game continues until the government runs some ready cash
  • provide pasture for (sheep or cattle); raise (livestock): they ran sheep and cattle

be run off one's feet

see foot.

come running

be eager to do what someone wants:he had only to crook his finger and she would come running

give someone/thing a (good) run for their money

provide someone or something with challenging competition: they’ve given some of the top teams a run for their money this season

have a (good) run for one's money

derive reward or enjoyment in return for one’s outlay or efforts: investors have also had a good run for their money

on the run

  • 1trying to avoid being captured:a criminal on the run from the FBI
  • 2while running:he took a pass on the run
  • continuously busy:I’m on the run every minute of the day

run before one can walk

attempt something difficult before one has grasped the basic skills: don’t try to run before you can walk

run a blockade

run dry

(of a well or river) cease to flow or have any water.
(of a source or supply) be completely used up:municipal relief funds had long since run dry

run an errand

carry out an errand for someone.

(make a) run for it

attempt to escape someone or something by running away: Catherine wondered whether to make a run for it

run foul (or chiefly North American afoul) of

  • 1 Nautical collide or become entangled with (an obstacle or another vessel):another ship ran foul of us
  • 2come into conflict with; go against:the act may run foul of data protection legislation

run the gauntlet

run someone/thing close

almost defeat a person or team in a contest: the Germans ran Argentina close in the 1986 final

run high

see high.

run oneself into the ground

run into the sand

come to nothing:the peace initiative now seems to be running into the sand

run its course

see course.

run low (or short)

become depleted:supplies had run short
have too little of something:we’re running short of time

run a mile

see mile.

run off at the mouth

(or run one's mouth)
North American informal talk excessively or indiscreetly: Peter ran off at the mouth about Taxi Driver being a picture about loneliness

run someone out of town

chiefly North American force someone to leave a place: my father was almost run out of town for being what they call a ‘liberal’

run rings round

see ring1.

run riot

see riot.

run the risk (or run risks)

see risk.

run the show

informal dominate or be in charge of an undertaking or area of activity: you’re running the show—what do we do now?

run a temperature

be suffering from a high temperature.

run someone/thing to earth (or ground)

Hunting chase a quarry to its lair: they ran the fox to earth
British find someone or something after a long search: last year, the police ran the fake paintings to ground

run to ruin

archaic fall into disrepair.

run to seed

see seed.

run wild

see wild.

run with the hare and hunt with the hounds

see hare.

run across

meet or find by chance:I just thought you might have run across him before

run after

persistently seek to acquire or attain:businesses which have spent years running after the baby boom market
seek the company of (a potential sexual or romantic partner): right from his school days, girls have been running after him

run against

collide with (someone): I pushed past him, running against Earnshaw in my haste
happen to meet:I ran against Flanagan the other day

run along

[in imperative] informal go away (used typically to address a child):run along now, there’s a good girl

run around with (US also run with)

informal associate habitually with (someone): he’s a good lad, but he started running around with the wrong bunch

run at

rush towards (someone) to attack them: she ran at him, kicking him with all her force

run away

escape from a place, person, or situation:children who run away from home normally go to London
(also informal run off) leave one’s home or current partner in order to establish a relationship with someone else:he ran off with his wife’s best friend
try to avoid facing up to a difficult situation:the government are running away from their responsibilities

run away with

  • 1(of one’s imagination or emotions) escape the control of:Susan’s imagination was running away with her
  • 2accept (an idea) without thinking it through properly:a lot of people ran away with the idea that they were pacifists
  • 3win (a competition or prize) easily:Ipswich are running away with the championship

run something by (or past)

tell (someone) about something, especially in order to ascertain their opinion or reaction: I’ll have to run it past Claire first

run someone/thing down

  • 1(of a vehicle or its driver) hit a person or animal and knock them to the ground: the boy was run down by joyriders
  • (of a boat) collide with another vessel.
  • 2criticize someone or something unfairly or unkindly: you mustn’t keep running yourself down
  • 3discover someone or something after a search:she finally ran the professor down

run something down (or run down)

reduce (or become reduced) in size, numbers, or resources:the government were reviled for running down the welfare state hardwood stocks in some countries are rapidly running down
lose (or cause to lose) power; stop (or cause to stop) functioning:the battery has run down
gradually deteriorate (or cause to deteriorate) in quality:the property had been allowed to run down

run someone in

informal arrest someone: I’m going to have to run you in

run something in

prepare the engine of a new car for normal use by driving slowly for a period of time.
use something new in such a way as not to make maximum demands upon it:whatever system you choose, you must run it in properly

run into

  • 1collide with:he ran into a lamppost
  • meet by chance:I ran into Moira on the way home
  • experience (a problem or difficulty):the bank ran into financial difficulties
  • 2reach (a level or amount):debts running into millions of dollars
  • 3blend into or appear to coalesce with:her words ran into each other

run off

see run away above.

run off with

informal steal:the treasurer had run off with the pension funds

run something off

  • 1reproduce copies of a piece of writing on a machine: please run off some copies of that report
  • write or recite something quickly and with little effort.
  • 2drain liquid from a container:run off the water that has been standing in the pipes

run on

  • 1continue without stopping; go on longer than is expected:the story ran on for months
  • talk incessantly: your mother does run on, doesn’t she?
  • 2 (also run upon) (of a person’s mind or a discussion) be preoccupied or concerned with:my thoughts ran too much on death
  • 3 Printing continue on the same line as the preceding matter.

run out

  • 1(of a supply of something) be used up:our food is about to run out
  • use up one’s supply of something:we’ve run out of petrol
  • become no longer valid:her contract runs out at the end of the year
  • 2(of rope) be paid out:slowly, he let the cables run out
  • 3 [with adverbial of direction] extend; project:a row of buildings ran out to Whitehall Gate
  • 4 [with complement] British emerge from a contest in a specified position:the team ran out 4-1 winners

run someone out

dismiss a batsman by dislodging the bails with the ball while the batsman is still running between the wickets.
(of a batsman) cause one’s partner to be dismissed in this way by poor judgement.

run out on

informal abandon (someone): it seems Jack’s run out on her and the three children

run over

  • 1(of a container or its contents) overflow:the bath’s running over
  • 2exceed (an expected limit):the film ran over schedule and budget

run someone/thing over

(of a vehicle or its driver) knock a person or animal down and pass over their body: Anna accidentally ran over their cat

run over

go over (something) quickly as a reminder or rehearsal: her mind ran over their previous conversation

run through

  • 1be present in every part of; pervade:a sense of personal loss runs through many of his lyrics
  • 2use or spend recklessly or rapidly:her husband had long since run through her money
  • 3go over (something) quickly as a reminder or rehearsal:I’ll just run through the schedule for the weekend

run someone/thing through

stab a person or animal so as to kill them: Campbell threatened to run him through with his sword

run to

  • 1extend to or reach (a specified amount or size):the document ran to almost 100 pages
  • be enough to cover (a particular expense):my income doesn’t run to luxuries like taxis
  • 2(of a person) show a tendency to or inclination towards:she was tall and running to fat
  • 3have recourse to (someone) for support:don’t come running to me for a handout

run something up

  • 1allow a debt or bill to accumulate:he ran up debts of $153,000
  • achieve a particular score in a game or match:they ran up 467 runs for the loss of eight wickets
  • 2make something quickly or hurriedly, especially a piece of clothing:I’ll run up a dress for you
  • 3raise a flag: they ran up the star and crescent

run up against

meet (a difficulty or problem):the scheme could run up against European regulations

run with

  • 1proceed with; accept:we do lots of tests before we run with a product