1from a higher to a lower point of (something):up and down the stairstears streaming down her face
at or to the part of (a river or stream) that is nearer the sea:a dozen miles or so down the Thames
moving or at a point further along the course of (something):he lived down the streetI wandered down the road
informal at or to (a place):she was tired of going down the pub every night
2throughout (a period of time):astrologers down the ages
1 [attributive] directed or moving towards a lower place or position:the down escalatorclick on the down arrow
relating to or denoting trains travelling away from the main terminus:we travelled on the first down train
Physics denoting a flavour of quark having a charge of − 1/ 3. Protons and neutrons are thought to be composed of combinations of up and down quarks.
2 [predic.] unhappy; depressed:he’s been so down lately
3 [predic.] (of a computer system) temporarily out of action or unavailable:sorry, but the computer’s down
4 [predic.]US black slang supporting or going along with someone or something:you got to be down with me
aware of and following the latest fashion:a seriously down, hip-hop homie
1towards or in a lower place or position, especially to or on the ground or another surface:she looked downthe sun started to go downhe put his glass downhe swung the axe to chop down the tree
at or to a specified distance below:you can plainly see the bottom 35 feet down
downstairs:I went down to put the kettle on
expressing movement or position away from the north:they’re living down south
to or at a place perceived as lower (often expressing casualness or lack of hurry):I’d rather be down at the villaI’m going down to the pub
British away from the capital or major city:there are eight trains a day, four up and four down
British away from a university, especially Oxford or Cambridge:he was down from Oxford
(with reference to food or drink swallowed) in or into the stomach:she couldn’t keep anything down
so as to lie or be fixed flush or flat:she stuck down a Christmas label
[as exclamation] used as a command to a person or animal to sit or lie down:down, boy!
referring to a crossword answer which reads vertically:how many letters in fifteen down?
2to or at a lower level of intensity, volume, or activity:keep the noise downthe panic was dying downat night it would cool down
to or at a lower price, value, or rank:output was down by 20 per centsoup is down from 59p to 49p
to a finer consistency, a smaller amount or size, or a simpler or more basic state:I must slim down a bita formal statement that can’t be edited downthin down an oil-based paint with spirits
from an earlier to a later point in time or order:buildings in England down to 1540everyone, from the President down to the bloke selling hot dogs, wants her dead
3in or into a weaker or worse position, mood, or condition:the scandal brought down the governmenthe was down with the flu
losing or at a disadvantage by a specified amount:United were 3-0 down
used to express progress through a series of tasks or items:one down and only six more to go
(of a computer system) out of action or unavailable for use:the system went down yesterday
(down with ——) shouted to express strong dislike of a specified person or thing:crowds chanted ‘Down with America!’
4in or into writing:Graham noted the numbers down carefullytaking down notes
on or on to a list, schedule, or record:I’ll put you down for the evening shift
5(with reference to partial payment of a sum of money) made initially or on the spot:pay £5 down and the rest at the end of the month
6(of sailing) with the current or the wind.
(of a ship’s helm) moved round to leeward so that the rudder is to windward.
7 American Football (of the ball or a player in possession) not in play, typically through progress being stopped.
1 American Football a chance for a team to advance the ball, ending when the ball carrier is tackled or the ball becomes out of play. A team must advance at least ten yards in a series of four downs in order to keep possession.
2 (downs) informal unwelcome experiences or events:there had been more downs than ups during his years at Ferrari
3 informal a feeling or period of unhappiness or depression:everyone gets their downs, their depressive periods
1knock or bring to the ground:175 enemy aircraft had been downedhe struck Slater on the face, downing him
2consume (something, typically a drink):he downed five pints of cider
Golf sink (a putt):he downed a 20-foot putt for victory
be (or have a) down on
British informal feel hostile or antagonistic towards:she had a real down on Angela
be down to
1be attributable to (a particular factor or circumstance):he claimed his problems were down to the media
be the responsibility of (a particular person):it’s down to you to make sure the boiler receives regular servicing
2be left with only (the specified amount):I’m down to my last few pounds
down in the mouth
informal unhappy; dejected.
down on one's luck
informal experiencing a period of bad luck:he plays the part of a scriptwriter down on his luck
British informal stop work, especially as a form of industrial action:the union instructed its members to down tools
down to the ground
informal completely; totally.
into or in the centre of a town:I went down town to do a few errands
have (or put) someone/thing down as
judge someone or something to be (a particular type):I never had Jake down as a ladies' man