ონლაინ ლექსიკონი



გამოთქმა: /pleɪ/

არსებითი სახელი

  • 1activity engaged in for enjoyment and recreation, especially by children:a child at play may use a stick as an aeroplane
  • behaviour or speech that is not intended seriously:I flinched, but only in play
  • [as modifier] designed to be used in games of pretence; not real:play families are arranged in play houses
  • 2the conducting of a sporting match:rain wrecked the second day’s play
  • the action or manner of engaging in a sport or game:he maintained the same rhythm of play throughout the game
  • the status of the ball in a game as being available to be played according to the rules:the ball was put in play
  • the state of being active, operative, or effective: someone has a bright idea and decides to put it into play the forces of a worldwide economy are in play
  • [count noun] a move or manoeuvre in a sport or game:the best play is to lead the 3 of clubs
  • archaic the activity of gambling: a young nobleman, ruined by play
  • 3 [count noun] a dramatic work for the stage or to be broadcast:the actors put on a new play
  • 4the space in or through which a mechanism can or does move:the steering rack was loose, and there was a little play
  • scope or freedom to act or operate:our policy allows the market to have freer play
  • 5light and constantly changing movement:the artist exploits the play of light across the surface


  • 1 [no object] engage in activity for enjoyment and recreation rather than a serious or practical purpose:the children were playing by a pool her friends were playing with their dolls
  • [with object] engage in (a game or activity) for enjoyment:I want to play Snakes and Ladders
  • amuse oneself by engaging in imaginative pretence:the boys were playing at soldiers
  • (play at) engage in without proper seriousness or understanding:it would be wrong to assume that he is simply playing at right-wing politics
  • (play with) treat inconsiderately for one’s own amusement:she likes to play with people’s emotions
  • (play with) fiddle or tamper with:has somebody been playing with these taps?
  • [with negative or in questions] (be playing at) used to convey one’s irritation at someone’s actions or one’s failure to understand their motives:what on earth do you think you’re playing at?
  • 2 [with object] take part in (a sport):I play squash and badminton
  • participate in (a sporting match or contest):the squad will have played 14 games in six weeks
  • compete against (another player or team) in a sporting match:the team will play France on Wednesday
  • [no object] be part of a team, especially in a specified position, in a sporting contest:he played in goal
  • strike (a ball) or execute (a stroke) in a game: was he in an offside position when his teammate played the ball?
  • [no object, with adverbial] (of a cricket ground) be in such condition as to have a specified effect on play.
  • assign to take part in a match, especially in a specified position:the manager played his strongest side of the season
  • move (a piece) or display (a playing card) in one’s turn in a game:he played his queen
  • bet or gamble at or on:he didn’t gamble or play the ponies
  • 3 [no object, usually with negative] be cooperative:he needs financial backing, but the building societies won’t play
  • 4 [with object] represent (a character) in a theatrical performance or a film:early in her career she played Ophelia
  • [no object] perform in a film or theatrical production:he was proud to be playing opposite a famous actor
  • put on or take part in (a theatrical performance, film, or concert):the show was one of the best we ever played
  • give a dramatic performance at (a particular theatre or place): the company are playing 11 cities around the country
  • behave as though one were (a specified type of person):the skipper played the innocent, but smuggled goods were found on his vessel
  • (play someone for) treat someone as being of (a specified type):don’t imagine you can play me for a fool
  • 5 [with object] perform on (a musical instrument):a man was playing a guitar
  • possess the skill of performing on (a musical instrument):he taught himself to play the violin
  • produce (notes) from a musical instrument; perform (a piece of music):they played a violin sonata
  • make (a music player, disc, radio, etc.) produce sounds: someone is playing a record—I can hear the drum
  • [no object] (of a musical instrument, music player, radio, etc.) produce sounds:somewhere within, a harp was playing
  • [with object and adverbial of direction] accompany (someone) with music as they are moving in a specified direction:the bagpipes played them out of the dining room
  • 6 [no object] move lightly and quickly, so as to appear and disappear; flicker:little beams of light played over the sea
  • (of a fountain or similar source of water) emit a stream of gently moving water: a fountain played in the courtyard
  • 7 [with object] allow (a fish) to exhaust itself pulling against a line before reeling it in: no fisherman ever played a bonita more carefully or with greater wile

bring (or call) into play

cause something to start working so that one can make use of it:he cannot afford to bring into play the kind of leadership veto that operated all those years ago

come into play

becoming active, operative, or effective:luck comes into play

make a play for

informal attempt to attract or attain: we invited men to make a play for the award she started to make a play for the young man

make (great) play of (or with)

draw attention to in an ostentatious manner, typically to gain prestige or advantage:the company made great play of their recent growth in profits

make play with

treat frivolously: leaders should not make play with values and ideals

not playing with a full deck

see deck.

play ball

see ball1.

play both ends against the middle

keep one’s options open by supporting or favouring opposing sides.

play something by ear

perform music without having to read from a score: she could play both by ear and by reading
(play it by ear) informal proceed instinctively according to results and circumstances rather than according to rules or a plan: we’ll just have to play it by ear until we can get something definite sorted out

play by the rules

follow what is generally held to be the correct line of behaviour: some women refused to play by the rules and allow motherhood to put an end to their career prospects

play one's cards close to one's chest

see chest.

play one's cards right (or well)

see card1.

play ducks and drakes with

play fair

observe principles of justice; avoid cheating: he decided to play fair and own up

play someone false

deceive or cheat someone: the Assembly played us false his memory plays him false if he thinks I chose this post

play fast and loose

behave irresponsibly or immorally: I am not someone who plays fast and loose with other people’s lives

play favourites

North American show favouritism towards someone or something: the Soviet diplomat said he wasn’t playing favourites in the presidential campaign

play the field

see field.

play for time

use specious excuses or unnecessary manoeuvres to gain time: he played for time by establishing an advisory committee

play the game

see game1.

play God

see God.

play havoc with

see havoc.

play hell

see hell.

play hookey

see hookey.

play a (or one's) hunch

make an instinctive choice: it had only been a shot in the dark—playing a hunch, really

play oneself in

British become accustomed to the circumstances and conditions of a game or activity: once he had played himself in he was an excellent stroke-maker

play into someone's hands

act in such a way as unintentionally to give someone an advantage: overreaction to the threats would be playing into the hands of the terrorists

play it cool

informal make an effort to be or appear to be calm and unemotional: the band wanted the deal badly, but were determined to play it cool

play the market

speculate in stocks: these investors know how to play the market and win

a play on words

a pun: every page contains a subtle play on words or arresting metaphor

play a part

make a contribution to a situation:social and economic factors may have also played a part he personally wanted to thank those nurses and staff who had played a part in his recovery

play (or play it) safe (or for safety)

take precautions; avoid risks: I think we’ll play safe and get another set of X-rays done

play to the gallery

play a trick (or joke) on

behave in a deceptive or teasing way towards: she played a trick on me by not telling me what to expect

play truant

see truant.

play with oneself

informal masturbate.

play with fire

take foolish risks: an urge to play with fire made her provoke him

played out

used or seen too many times before so no longer interesting:the melodrama is a little played out to be entirely satisfying

play about (or around)

behave in a casual, foolish, or irresponsible way:you shouldn’t play around with a child’s future
informal (of a married person) have a love affair: was her husband playing around?

play along

perform a piece of music at the same time as it is playing on a tape or record: I could make harmonies by playing along with the tape
pretend to cooperate:she had to play along and be polite

play someone along

informal deceive or mislead someone over a period of time: he’d play her along till she got fed up

play away

play a sports fixture on an opponent’s ground.
informal (of a married person) have a love affair.

play something back

play sounds that one has recently recorded, especially to monitor recording quality: I did a lot of recording and then played it back

play something down

represent something as being less important than it in fact is:he tried to play down the seriousness of his illness

play someone off

bring people into conflict or competition for one’s own advantage:top footballers were able to play clubs off against each other to gain higher pay

play off

(of two teams or competitors) play an extra match to decide a draw or tie: the top two teams would play off at Twickenham

play on

exploit (a weak or vulnerable point in someone):he played on his opponent’s nerves

play out

  • 1develop in a particular way:the position of the sub-tropical jet stream across North America will determine how winter plays out
  • 2happen; take place:this scenario plays out all across the country

play someone out

drain someone of strength or life: she was played out, too exhausted even to weep

play something out

act the whole of a drama; enact a scene or role: they were playing out a familiar scenario

play up

  • 1 informal (of a child) misbehave:I hadn’t had much sleep - the kids had been playing up
  • fail to function properly:his phone line was constantly playing up
  • 2put all one’s energy into a game: the captain told his team to play up

play someone up

(of a part of the body or an illness) cause pain or discomfort to someone: my rheumatism’s playing me up

play something up

emphasize the extent or importance of something:the mystery surrounding his death was played up by the media

play up to

exploit, trade on, or make the most of.


Pronunciation: /-ˈbɪlɪti/