1an act of moving something in a circular direction around an axis or point:a safety lock requiring four turns of the key
a bend or curve in a road, path, river, etc.:the twists and turns in the passageways
[mass noun] Cricket deviation in the direction of the ball when bouncing off the pitch:the spinners have already begun to extract a lot of turn
one round in a coil of rope or other material.
2a change of direction when moving:they made a left turn and picked up speed
a development or change in a situation:the latest turn of eventslife has taken a turn for the better
a time when one period of time ends and another begins:the turn of the century
a place where a road meets or branches off another; a turning:they were approaching the turn
a change of the tide from ebb to flow or vice versa:the turn of the tide
(the turn) the beginning of the second nine holes of a round of golf:he made the turn in one under par
3an opportunity or obligation to do something that comes successively to each of a number of people:it was his turn to speak
a short performance, especially one of a number given by different performers in succession:Lewis gave her best ever comic turnhe was asked to do a turn at a childrens' party
a performer giving a short performance:Malton’s comedy turn, Mark Poole, takes to the stage tonight in Cinderella
4a short walk or ride:why don’t you take a turn around the garden?
5 informal a shock:you gave us quite a turn!
a brief feeling or experience of illness:he has these funny turns
6the difference between the buying and selling price of stocks or other financial products.
a profit made from the difference between the buying and selling price of stocks or other financial products.
7 Music a melodic ornament consisting of the principal note with those above and below it.
1move or cause to move in a circular direction wholly or partly around an axis or point: [no object]:the big wheel was turning [with object]:I turned the key in the door and crept in
[with object] perform (a somersault or cartwheel):the boy shot up off the ground and turned a somersault in the air
[with object] twist or sprain (an ankle):Wright turned his ankle in the first minute of the game
2 [with object and adverbial] move (something) so that it is in a different position in relation to its surroundings or its previous position:we waited in suspense for him to turn the cards over
[no object] change the position of one’s body so that one is facing in a different direction:Charlie turned and looked at his friend
move (something) so as to be aimed or pointed in a particular direction:she turned her head towards methe government has now turned its attention to primary schools
change or cause to change direction: [no object, with adverbial of direction]:we turned round and headed back to the house
[no object] (of the tide) change from flood to ebb or vice versa:as the tide turned he finally managed to bring the barge into its berth
[with object] move (a page) over so that it is flat against the previous or next page:she turned a page noisily [no object]:turn to page five for the answer
fold or unfold (fabric or a piece of a garment) in the specified way:he turned up the collar of his coat
[with object] (usually as adjective turned) Printing set or print (a type or letter) upside down.
[with object] pass round (the flank or defensive lines of an army) so as to attack it from the side or rear:there was still the sea, by way of which the Persians hoped to turn all mountain or isthmus defence lines
[with object] archaic bend back (the edge of a blade) so as to make it blunt:thou hast also turned the edge of his sword
3change or cause to change in nature, state, form, or colour; become or make: [no object, with complement or adverbial]:she turned pale [with object and complement or adverbial]:cover potatoes with sacking to keep the light from turning them greenmost of the sugars are turned into alcohol
[with object and complement or adverbial] send or put into a specified place or condition:the dogs were turned loose on the crowd
[with object] pass the age or time of:I’ve just turned forty
[no object] (of leaves) change colour in the autumn:the chestnut leaves were turning
(with reference to the stomach) make or become nauseated: [with object]:the smell was bad enough to turn the strongest stomach
(with reference to milk) make or become sour.
4 [no object] (turn to) start doing or becoming involved with:in 1939 he turned to films in earnest
go on to consider next:we can now turn to another aspect of the problem
go to for help or information:who can she turn to?
have recourse to (something, especially something harmful):he turned to drink and drugs for solace
5 [with object] shape (something) on a lathe:the faceplate is turned rather than cast
give a graceful or elegant form to: (as adjective, with submodifier turned)a production full of so many finely turned words
6 [with object] make (a profit).
at every turn
on every occasion; continually:her name seemed to come up at every turn
one after the other; alternately:he was by turns amused and mildly annoyed by her
do someone a good (or bad) turn
do something that is helpful (or unhelpful) for someone:he was a friend of mine, and had done me some good turns over the previous few months
in succession; one after the other:everyone took it in turn to attack my work
(also in one's/its turn) used to convey that an action, process, or situation is the result of a previous one:he would shout until she, in her turn, lost her temper
refuse to allow someone to enter or pass through a place:tourists were turned away at the crossing points
turn back (or turn someone/thing back)
go (or cause someone or something to go) back in the direction in which they have come:they turned back before reaching the churchpolice turned back hundreds of cars
turn someone down
reject an offer or application made by someone:the RAF turned him down on medical grounds
turn something down
1reject something offered or proposed:his novel was turned down by publisher after publisher
2adjust a control on an electrical device to reduce the volume, heat, etc.:she turned the sound down
informal go to bed in the evening.
turn someone in
hand someone over to the authorities:police have appealed to his family and friends to turn him in
turn something in
give something to someone in authority:I’ve turned in my resignation
produce or achieve a particular score or a performance of a specified quality:he has turned in some useful performances for the under-21 and England B sides
become (a particular kind of thing or person); be transformed into:the slight drizzle turned into a downpourthat dream turned into a nightmarein the next instant he turned into a tiny mouse
turn someone/thing into
cause to become (a particular kind of thing or person); transform into:the town was turned into a thriving seaside destinationevery single good children 's book has been turned into a feature-length cartoon
leave one road in order to join another:they turned off the main roadwe turned off to the right
turn someone off
informal cause someone to feel bored, disgusted, or sexually repelled:the idea just turns me off
turn something off
stop the operation or flow of something by means of a tap, switch, or button:remember to turn off the gas
adjust a tap or switch in order to stop the operation or flow of something.
1suddenly attack physically or verbally:he turned on her with cold savagery
2have as the main topic or point of interest:for most businessmen, the central questions will turn on taxation
turn someone on
informal excite or stimulate the interest of someone, especially sexually:if that’s what turns you on that’s fine by me
turn something on
start the flow or operation of something by means of a tap, switch, or button:she turned on the TV
adjust a tap or switch in order to start the operation or flow of something:I turned the switch on
turn someone on to
informal cause someone to become interested or involved in (something, especially drugs):he turned her on to heroin
1prove to be the case:the job turned out to be beyond his rather limited abilities
2go somewhere in order to attend a meeting, vote, play in a game, etc.:over 75 per cent of the electorate turned out to vote
turn someone out
1eject or expel someone from a place:his landlord could turn him out at any time
2 Military call a guard from the guardroom.
3 (be turned out) be dressed in the manner specified:she was smartly turned out and as well groomed as always
turn something out
1extinguish a light:he turned out the light and groped his way through the doorway to the bed
2produce something:the plant takes 53 hours to turn out each car
3empty something, especially one’s pockets:Oliver turned out his pockets and spread out his loot on the ground
British clean out a drawer, room, etc. by taking out and reorganizing its contents.
4tip prepared food from a mould or other container.
(of an engine) start or continue to run properly:the engine turned over when we tried it with the starter handle
turn someone over to
deliver someone to the care or custody of (an authority):they turned him over to the police
turn something over
1cause an engine to run:remember to turn the engine over occasionally in the cold weather
2transfer control or management of something to someone else:a plan to turn the pub over to a new manager
3change the function or use of something:the works was turned over to the production of aircraft parts
4 informal rob a place:what about that girl’s bedroom that got turned over?
5(of a business) have a turnover of a specified amount:last year the company turned over £12 million
turn something round (or around)
1prepare a ship or aircraft for its return journey:cleanliness also shortens the time it takes to turn a ship round
2reverse the previously poor performance of an organization and make it successful:the combination of skills and commitment in a workforce can turn a company round
1be found, especially by chance, after being lost:all the missing documents had turned up
2put in an appearance; arrive:half the guests failed to turn up
turn something up
1increase the volume or strength of sound, heat, etc. by turning a knob or switch on a device:she turned the sound up
2reveal or discover something:New Yorkers confidently expect the inquiry to turn up nothing