ონლაინ ლექსიკონი



გამოთქმა: /θrəʊ/

არსებითი სახელი

  • 1an act of throwing something:Holding’s throw hit the stumps
  • an act of throwing one’s opponent in wrestling, judo, or a similar sport:a shoulder throw
  • Cricket an illegitimate delivery considered to have been thrown rather than properly bowled.
  • short for throw of the dice below.this decision represents something of a final throw people who hazard their entire company on one major throw
  • 2a light cover for furniture.
  • 3 (a throw) informal used to indicate how much a single item, turn, or attempt costs:he was offering to draw on-the-spot portraits at £25 a throw
  • 4 Geology the extent of vertical displacement in a fault.
  • 5a machine or device by or on which an object is turned while being shaped.
  • 6 [usually in singular] the action or motion of a slide valve or of a crank, eccentric wheel, or cam.
  • the distance moved by the pointer of an instrument.


  • 1 [with object and usually with adverbial] propel (something) with force through the air by a movement of the arm and hand:I threw a brick through the window
  • [with object and adverbial or complement] push or force (someone or something) violently and suddenly into a particular physical position or state:the pilot and one passenger were thrown clear and survived the door was thrown open and a uniformed guard entered the room
  • put in place or erect quickly:the stewards had thrown a cordon across the fairway
  • move (a part of the body) quickly or suddenly in a particular direction:she threw her head back and laughed
  • project or cast (light or shadow) in a particular direction:a chandelier threw its bright light over the walls
  • deliver (a punch): Cheryl drew back her fist and threw another punch
  • direct a particular kind of look or facial expression:she threw a withering glance at him
  • project (one’s voice) so that it appears to come from someone or something else, as in ventriloquism: I can throw my voice—I could make a fortune as a medium
  • (throw something off/on) put on or take off (a garment) hastily:I tumbled out of bed, threw on my tracksuit, and joined the others
  • move (a switch or lever) so as to operate a device: at the trolley portal the operator had to manually throw the switch using a switch iron
  • roll (dice): he reached out and put the dice in the shaker and threw them
  • obtain (a specified number) by rolling dice.
  • informal lose (a race or contest) intentionally, especially in return for a bribe: the man who throws a race is a crook for life
  • Cricket bowl (the ball) with an unlawful bent arm action.
  • (of a horse) lose (a shoe).
  • 2 [with object and adverbial] send suddenly into a particular state or condition:he threw all her emotions into turmoil the bond market was thrown into confusion
  • put (someone) in a particular place or state in a rough, abrupt, or summary fashion:these guys should be thrown in jail
  • [with object] disconcert; confuse:she frowned, thrown by this apparent change of tack
  • 3 [with object] send (one’s opponent) to the ground in wrestling, judo, or similar activity: in the final Arnaud was too strong, and threw Hughes twice
  • (of a horse) unseat (its rider): their horse threw its jockey before the race had started
  • 4 [with object] form (ceramic ware) on a potter’s wheel:further on a potter was throwing pots
  • turn (wood or other material) on a lathe.
  • twist (silk or other fabrics) into thread or yarn.
  • 5 [with object] have (a fit or tantrum): occasionally a small child will throw a tantrum when denied something
  • 6 [with object] give or hold (a party): he threw a huge farewell party for them
  • 7 [with object] (of an animal) give birth to (young, especially of a specified kind):sometimes a completely black calf is thrown

throw away the key

used to suggest that someone who has been put in prison should or will never be released:the judge should lock up these robbers and throw away the key

throw dust in someone's eyes

seek to mislead or deceive someone by misrepresentation or distraction.

throw good money after bad

incur further loss in a hopeless attempt to recoup a previous loss.

throw one's hand in

withdraw from a card game, especially poker, because one has a poor hand.
withdraw from a contest or activity; give up.

throw in the towel (or sponge)

(of boxers or their seconds) throw a towel (or sponge) into the ring as a token of defeat: Cafaro was told by his trainer that he was going to throw the towel in if he did not start throwing punches
abandon a struggle; admit defeat: there are times when the difficulties appear too great and we just throw in the towel

throw of the dice

a risky attempt to do or achieve something:a struggling actor giving it a last throw of the dice as he stages a self-financed production of Hamlet

throw oneself on someone's mercy

see mercy.

throw up one's hands

raise both hands in the air as an indication of one’s exasperation: Dickens threw up his hands in impatience

be thrown back on

be forced to rely on (something) because there is no alternative:we are once again thrown back on the resources of our imagination

throw oneself at

appear too eager to become the sexual partner of: she’s throwing herself at that man, making a complete fool of herself

throw something away

  • 1discard something as useless or unwanted: many of the cans and bottles thrown away may have cost more to make than the contents
  • discard a playing card in a game.
  • waste or fail to make use of an opportunity or advantage:I’ve thrown away my chances in life
  • 2(of an actor) deliver a line with deliberate underemphasis for increased dramatic effect: he covered up for his author by charmingly throwing away as many lines as possible

throw something down

informal (especially of a DJ, rapper, or similar artiste) play or perform a piece of music:the DJ was throwing down some sweet tunes

throw something in

  • 1include something free with a purchase:they cut the price by £100 and threw in the add-on TV adaptor
  • 2make a remark casually as an interjection:he threw in a sensible remark about funding
  • 3 Soccer & Rugby return the ball to play by means of a throw-in.

throw oneself into

start to do (something) with enthusiasm and vigour:Evelyn threw herself into her work

throw off

Hunting begin hunting.

throw something off

  • 1rid oneself of something:he was struggling to throw off a viral-hepatitis problem
  • 2write or utter in an offhand manner:Thomas threw off the question lightly

throw oneself on (or upon)

attack someone vigorously:they threw themselves on the enemy

throw something open

make something accessible:the market was thrown open to any supplier to compete for contracts
invite general discussion of or participation in a subject or a debate or other event:the debate will be thrown open to the audience

throw someone out

  • 1expel someone unceremoniously from a place, organization, or activity: his wife had thrown him out Keane had been thrown out of the game by the umpire
  • 2confuse or distract someone from the matter in hand:do keep quiet or you’ll throw me out in my calculations
  • 3 Cricket & Baseball put out an opponent by throwing the ball to the wicket or a base.

throw something out

  • 1discard something as unwanted: he’d thrown that rubbish out
  • 2(of a court, legislature, or other body) dismiss or reject something brought before it:the charges were thrown out by the magistrate
  • 3put forward a suggestion tentatively:a suggestion that Dunne threw out caught many a reader’s fancy
  • 4cause numbers or calculations to become inaccurate:an undisclosed stock option throws out all your figures
  • 5emit or radiate something:a big range fire that threw out heat like a furnace
  • 6(of a plant) rapidly develop a side shoot, bud, etc..

throw someone over

abandon or reject someone as a lover: he’s going to throw you over for your sister

throw people together

bring people into contact, especially by chance: a mixed group of passengers thrown together by circumstance for the duration of the journey

throw something together

make or produce something hastily, without careful planning or arrangement:the meal was quickly thrown together at news of Rose’s arrival

throw up

informal vomit: I leaned over and threw up again

throw something up

  • 1abandon or give up something, especially one’s job:why has he thrown up a promising career in politics?
  • 2 informal vomit something one has eaten or drunk.
  • 3produce something and bring it to notice:he saw the prayers of the Church as a living and fruitful tradition which threw up new ideas